People with diabetes have high glucose levels which must be managed. High glucose levels cause great damage to the body over a period of time. For you to manage the high sugar level, you must have seen the symptoms and already damage has been caused. There are lots of people who are suffering form these problems and it is something very important that they take good care of this. There are many people from all age groups whoa re having these problems and are looking for, solutions. Many people are very confused and do not know what to do. It is always better to keep this in check and once that happens the process becomes much easier. Make sure that Students with Diabetes are treated with care.
This damage takes place across the body for a long time. Some of long term complications of diabetes include:
- Circulatory and Cardiovascular Systems
- Blood vessels
- The cardiovascular system
- Wounds and infections
#1 – Blood Vessels
Elasticity of blood vessels is reduced by excess blood sugar. The blood vessels become narrower restricting blood flow leading to reduced supply of blood and oxygen. This increases the risk of high blood pressure and damage of large blood vessels(Macro vascular disease) and small blood vessels(Micro vascular disease) According to Centers for Disease Control and prevention(CDC), 74 % of adults with diabetes have hypertension.
Macro vascular disease complications include:
- Heart attack
- Peripheral arterial disease
Micro vascular conditions bring complications with:
- Nervous system
#2 – The Cardiovascular System
It is the leading cause of early death among diabetic people. People with diabetes tend to develop more serious heart complications at early age than those without. Obesity, high cholesterol and hypertension sets in. Make sure that good care of Students with Diabetes is taken.
Risk factors for cardiovascular and diabetes include lack of exercises and unhealthy diet.
A diabetic person can reduce the risk of cardiovascular and circulatory problems by:
- Quitting smoking
- Managing lipids and blood pressure
- Use prescribed medications
- Exercise regularly
- Monitor blood pressure
- Eat fiber-rich diet
#3 – Wounds & Infections
Due to poor circulation, wounds/infections take long to heal due to low supply of blood, oxygen and nutrients. A person with this should see his doctor.
- The Nervous System
Nerve damage (Neuropathy) is very common among diabetic people. It can affect any part of the nervous system. Peripheral Neuropathy is most common which causes pain and numbness in the extremities especially:
- The arms, hands and fingers
- The legs, feet and toes
- The hips and upper legs
A person with diabetic neuropathy can experience pain the hands and feet.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), 50% of people with diabetes have peripheral Neuropathy while 30% have Autonomic Neuropathy and and given help to Students with Diabetes.
Due to loss of sensation(as a result of Neuropathy), small wounds may not be noticed. This may lead to ulceration, tissue death and in some cases amputation.
- The Kidneys and the Urinary System
Blood vessels in the kidneys can be damaged by high blood sugar levels over time. The kidneys will stop filtering waste out of the blood resulting to Kidney Failure. Diabetic Neuropathy is a kidney disease that affect diabetic people.
With diabetes, many eye complications crop up and can lead to vision loss.
Short term problems- blurred vision due to high blood sugar. Long term problems include:
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Macula edema